Thoracic Research and Practice
Original Article

Investigation of Pulmonary Artery and Ascending Aorta Morphology in the Coronavirus Disease 2019: A Radioanatomical Study

1.

Department of Radiology, Yeşilyurt Hasan Çalık State Hospital, Malatya, Turkey

2.

Department of Anatomy, Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam University Faculty of Medicine, Kahramanmaraş, Turkey

3.

Department of Anatomy, Bandırma Onyedi Eylül University, Balıkesir, Turkey

Thorac Res Pract 2023; 24: 40-44
DOI: 10.5152/ThoracResPract.2023.22107
Read: 415 Downloads: 233 Published: 01 January 2023

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the maximum diameters of the pulmonary artery and ascending aorta and their ratio to each other to enable early diagnosis and treatment of possible pulmonary hypertension and to prevent possible complications in patients infected with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 120 patients aged 40 years and older, 60 patients (30 females and 30 males) with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 infection and 60 individuals (30 females and 30 males), were included in this retrospective study. Maximum pulmonary artery and maximum ascending aorta diameters were measured at the level of bifurcatio trunci pulmonalis in the transverse axial plane by computed tomography, and their ratios to each other were determined.

RESULTS: Our study revealed a statistically significant increase in maximum pulmonary artery and maximum ascending aorta diameters in both genders in patients with coronavirus disease 2019 compared to the control group and a statistically significant increase was found in the maximum pulmonary artery–maximum ascending aorta ratio in women with coronavirus disease 2019 compared to the control group (P < .05).

CONCLUSIONS: Knowing the diameters of maximum pulmonary artery and maximum ascending aorta and the maximum pulmonary artery–maximum ascending aorta ratio in hospitalized severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2-infected patients is a valuable predictive marker of pulmonary hypertension and a guide in determining the appropriate treatment. These data, which are easy to calculate from thorax computed tomography, may be beneficial in the prognosis of the disease.

Cite this article as: Er Ulubaba H, Ateşoğlu Karabaş S, Çiftçi R, Yoldaş A. Investigation of pulmonary artery and ascending aorta morphology in the coronavirus disease 2019: A radioanatomical study. Thorac Res Pract. 2023;24(1):40-44.

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