Thoracic Research and Practice
Original Article

Effectiveness of Behavioral and Pharmacological Smoking Cessation Treatment in Patients with Failed Attempt at Quitting with E-cigarettes

1.

Department of Chest Diseases, University of Health Sciences Adana City Training and Research Hospital, Adana, Turkey

2.

Clinic of Smoking Cessation, Adana Seyhan Hospital, Adana, Turkey

Thorac Res Pract 2020; 21: 404-408
DOI: 10.5152/TurkThoracJ.2020.20181
Read: 1226 Downloads: 530 Published: 09 December 2020

OBJECTIVE: The tobacco industry has introduced electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) as a less harmful substitute to cigarettes and as an aid to smoking cessation. This study aimed to evaluate the success of evidence-based pharmacological treatments and behavioral/cognitive training in patients who failed to quit smoking with e-cigarettes.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 109 consecutive patients with failed attempts at smoking cessation by e-cigarettes were admitted. A questionnaire was administered to evaluate the demographic characteristics and smoking habits. Nicotine dependence scores of the smokers were obtained using the Fagerström addiction test. Appropriate pharmacological therapy and behavioral/cognitive training were given to each patient who failed to quit smoking with e-cigarettes.

RESULTS: The mean age of the participants was 35.2±10.4 years, and 89 (81.7%) were men. Education level was high school or university for 92 (84.4%) patients; only 17 (15.6%) graduated from middle school. The mean number of cigarettes smoked per day was 25.8±10.8, and the mean nicotine dependence score was 6.7±1.9. Only 6 (5.5%) individuals quit smoking temporarily after using e-cigarettes, with a mean restarting time of 3.3±2.0 months in all 6 patients. The smoking cessation rate in our study was 43.1% (47 patients) with medical treatment. The remaining individuals were unable to quit smoking with pharmacological treatment, and the mean restarting time for these patients was 10.4±2.2 months.

CONCLUSION: It has been shown that the success rate of smoking cessation increases with pharmacological treatment and behavioral/cognitive training in individuals who failed to quit smoking with e-cigarettes.

Cite this article as: Duru Çetinkaya P, Turan A, Deniz PP. Effectiveness of behavioral and pharmacological smoking cessation treatment in patients with failed attempt at quitting with e-cigarettes. Turk Thorac J 2020; 21(6): 404-8.

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