Thoracic Research and Practice
Original Article

Does Pneumococcal Vaccination Have an Effect on Hospital Costs?

1.

Department of Chest Disease, University of Health Sciences Yedikule Chest Diseases and Thoracic Surgery Training and Research Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey

2.

Department of Chest Disease, University of Health Sciences İzmir Suat Seren Chest Diseases and Thoracic Surgery Training and Research Hospital, İzmir, Turkey

3.

Department of Chest Disease, University of Health Sciences Süreyyapaşa Chest Diseases and Thoracic Surgery Training and Research Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey

4.

Department of Bioistatistics & Medical Informatics, İstanbul University Faculty of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey

5.

Department of Biostatistics and Medical Informatics, Gaziantep University School of Medicine, Gaziantep, Turkey

6.

Department of Pulmonary, Dokuz Eylül University Faculty of Medicine, İzmir, Turkey

7.

Department of Pulmonary Diseases, Ege University, Faculty of Medicine, Izmir, Turkey

Thorac Res Pract 2023; 24: 165-169
DOI: 10.5152/ThoracResPract.2023.22171
Read: 629 Downloads: 286 Published: 01 May 2023

OBJECTIVE: It is known that inpatient hospital costs are much higher than outpatient services. It was aimed to investigate the effect of pneumococcal vaccination on hospitalizations.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: The direct hospitalization costs, length of stay, and factors of the vaccinated and unvaccinated patients in the same hospital during the 12-month follow-up of the patients who received pneumococcal vaccine between November 15, 2018, and November 15, 2020, in 3 chest diseases and thoracic surgery training and research hospitals were analyzed by obtaining Hospital Information Management System records. Data were collected with Statistical Package for the Social Sciences version 23 program (IBM Corp.; Armonk, NY, USA) , and statistical evaluation was made.

RESULTS: The mean age of 800 hospitalized patients, of whom 400 were unvaccinated and 400 were vaccinated, was 68.48 ± 11.97. There was no significant difference in the mean age of vaccinated and unvaccinated patients (P > .05). Five hundred sixty-six patients (70.8%) were aged 65 and over. Two hundred eighty (51.2%) of men were vaccinated and 120 (47.2%) of women were vaccinated, and there was no significant difference (P > .05). The mean hospital stay of these patients was 11.01 days, and those in the vaccinated group had an average mean hospital stay of 9.11 days and those in the unvaccinated group had a mean hospital stay less than 12.91 days (P < .001). Total 1-year hospitalization costs were $501.653.53 and the cost per person was calculated as $627.07. The cost per capita for the vaccinated group was $550.52, which was lower than the average cost of the unvaccinated group ($703.62) (P < .05). When comparing the status of being vaccinated, comorbidity, mortality, mean length of stay, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and heart disease were found to be statistically significant (P < .05).

CONCLUSION: In our study, it was revealed that vaccination of patients hospitalized in chest disease hospitals with the pneumococcal vaccine reduced the average length of hospital stay by 41.7% and the cost of hospitalization by 27.8%.

Cite this article as: Şimşek Veske N, Uslu Ö, Oruç Ö, et al. Does pneumococcal vaccination have an effect on hospital costs? Thorac Res Pract. 2023;24(3):165-169.

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