Thoracic Research and Practice
Original Article

Breathlessness Beliefs and Related Factors in Male Patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

1.

Department of Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation, İzmir Katip Çelebi University Faculty of Health Sciences, İzmir, Turkey

2.

Department of Pulmonary Diseases, Dokuz Eylül University School of Medicine, İzmir, Turkey

3.

Department of Cardiopulmonary Physiotherapy, Dokuz Eylül University Faculty of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation, İzmir, Turkey

Thorac Res Pract 2023; 24: 137-142
DOI: 10.5152/ThoracResPract.2023.22184
Read: 733 Downloads: 261 Published: 01 May 2023

OBJECTIVE: Dyspnea may be a debilitating factor for people with pulmonary problems as it may cause fear of movement. The aim of the present study was to determine the related factors with breathlessness beliefs, in other words, dyspnea-related fear of movement, in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Male patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease were included in the study. Breathlessness beliefs (Breathlessness Belief Questionnaire), perceived dyspnea severity (modified Medical Research Council Dyspnea Scale and modified Borg Scale), pulmonary function tests (forced vital capacity, forced expiration volume in 1 second, and peak expiratory flow), emotional status (Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale), fatigue (Fatigue Impact Scale and Fatigue Severity Scale), physical activity level (International Physical Activity Questionnaire—Short Form), disease-related quality of life (St. George Respiratory Questionnaire), and generic quality of life (Short-Form 36) were evaluated.

RESULTS: A total of 70 patients were included. Significant correlations were detected between breathlessness beliefs and perceived dyspnea severity, pulmonary function tests, emotional status, fatigue, physical activity level, disease-related quality of life, and generic quality of life (P < .001). No correlations were detected between physical characteristics and dyspnea-related fear of movement (P > .05).

CONCLUSION: Dyspnea-related fear of movement was found to be strongly related to perceived dyspnea severity, pulmonary function tests, emotional status, fatigue, physical activity level, and quality of life; thus, including breathlessness beliefs assessment into clinical examination may help clinicians to understand their patients’ needs comprehensively.

Cite this article as: Bayraktar D, Felekoğlu E, Özgen Alpaydın A, Özalevli S. Breathlessness beliefs and related factors in male patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Thorac Res Pract. 2023;24(3):137-142.

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